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Along v the angry President, the President"s room members room his most essential advisors. This picture shows chairman Reagan, Vice president Bush, and also Cabinet members in the Oval Office.

You are watching: All parts of the federal bureaucracy share which characteristic?


Even the specialists can"t agree ~ above the total number of federal federal government agencies, commissions, and departments.

Most approximates suggest there room probably more than 2,000 that these. Lock each have an area of specialization — some much more comprehensive than rather — but their duties frequently overlap, make administration an ext difficult. To complicated things also more, many agencies have actually counterparts in ~ the state and local level. The size, complexity, and overlapping duties leave the federal administration open to consistent attempts to reorganize and also streamline.

Congress has the power to create, organize, and also disband all commonwealth agencies. Many of them are under the manage of the President, although couple of of castle actually have actually direct contact with the White House. So, the administration has two masters — Congress and the President. The bureaucracy generally falls into four vast types: cabinet departments, government corporations, live independence agencies, and also regulatory commissions


Cabinet departments
room of State Treasury department Department of Defense department of Justice room of the internal Department of agriculture Department of commerce Department of job Department of transportation Department of Housing and Urban development Department that Health and Human services Department of energy Department of education Department that Veterans AffairsDepartment of countryside Security

The room Departments

The 15 room departments are each headed by a Secretary who sits top top the President"s Cabinet. The exemption is the justice Department, which is headed by the lawyer General, that is likewise a member of the President"s Cabinet. The Secretaries space responsible for directing the department"s policy and for overseeing that is operation. Cabinet secretaries are usually torn between their responsibilities as presidential advisers and also heads of your departments.


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As the an initial woman room member, Frances Perkins served for 12 years, helping draft regulation such together the Social protection Act and the very first federal minimum fairy laws.

Each has a distinct area the policy, back their obligations are still an extremely broad. The organization of every is quite complex, however they have some points in common. All Secretaries have actually a Deputy or Undersecretary, as well as a organize of Assistant Secretaries, that all direct significant programs in ~ the department.

Most departments are divided into bureaus, divisions, and sections. For example, the FBI lies within the domain that the justice Department, and also the secret Service is at this time within the Treasury Departmeny agency, however soon come be moved under the auspices of the room of Homeland protection .

Government Corporations

Government corporations execute not belonging to any department — they was standing on their own. More than likely the best-known federal government corporations room the United states Postal Service and also Amtrak. Castle are various from various other agencies in the they are businesses created by Congress, and they fee fees for your services. Like any other business, federal government corporations have private vain — such as federal Express and also United Parcel service — and sometimes state compete — such together the brand-new Jersey Transit Authority.


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At the time of that creation, NASA to be assumed by numerous to be a defense-related agency. Today, the brings nations together in very publicized initiatives like the International an are Station displayed here.

Independent Agencies

Independent agencies carefully resemble cabinet departments, but they are smaller and less complex. Generally, they have narrower locations of duty than perform Cabinet departments. Most of these agencies room not free from presidential control and are independent only in the feeling that they space not component of a department.

Congress creates them as different agencies for numerous reasons, practical and symbolic. Because that example, when the nationwide Aeronautics and space Administration (NASA) was established, many members of congress assumed the it would be a part of the room of Defense. However, that is one independent firm because the room program has plenty of other objectives than the defense that the nation.


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The ATF (now the bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and also Explosives) was moved from the department of the Treasury to the department of justice in 2006.

Regulatory Agencies

These agencies regulate necessary parts the the economy, making rules for large industries and businesses that influence the understand of the public. Since regulatory commissions room "watchdogs" that by their really nature have to operate independently, they are not part of a department, and the chairman does not directly manage most of them. Every commission has actually from 5 come 11 members appointed by the President, yet the chairman cannot eliminate them for the size of your terms in office.

Examples of these commissions room the Securities and also Exchange Commission, i beg your pardon regulates the stock market, brokers, and also investment practices. An additional well-known the supervisory board is the commonwealth Reserve Board the governs the nation"s monetary policy. The environmental Protection company serves as a guardian end the nation"s environment, making and enforcing standards for the industrial and also commercial sectors.

With over 2,000 various agencies, the federal administration is almost certain to operation into difficulties with organization, overlapping responsibilities, and efficiency. Practically every recent President has come right into office figured out to refashion and also trim the bureaucracy. However, none has been able to make much more than boy adjustments. Well-established agencies have lives of your own, and also are difficult to change. Besides, the nation has large, complex, demands requiring distinct attention. A big bureaucracy is a part of the government"s effort to satisfy those needs.


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NASA Homepage
The nationwide Aeronautics and space Administration, according to that website, is an invest in America"s future. Discover this significant website, native its pages on space flight to women in NASA. Click on "other cool sites" for much more neat stuff than you can visit in one day. Don"t miss out on out on the flash movie that NASA"s vision or the webcasts, which have the right to be regarded on home windows Media Player.

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The commonwealth Deposit insurance Corporation (FDIC)
What wake up if your financial institution goes bankrupt? You acquire your money back — if your financial institution is insured by the commonwealth Deposit insurance money Corporation. Because 1933, the FDIC has actually been maintaining America"s faith in that financial organizations alive. Take a look at the organization and browse its official website here.

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U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Homer Simpson makes the meltdown the a atom reactor in a strength plant it seems ~ funny, but in truth it can cause global devastation. The atom Regulatory commission is responsible for making certain that power plants are safe from the moment they are built to the moment that they space shut down. Take a look in ~ what they perform at their main website.

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The Securities and Exchange Commission
The stock industry crash that 1929 crippled the U.S. Economy and devastated the stays of numerous Americans. What go the government do to make sure that something favor that never ever happens again? They started the Securities and also Exchange Commission, which monitor investment practices of American businesses. If you have actually an interest in the share market, it"s worth your time come wade through this official website.

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Federal profession Commission
You"ve checked out the board game Monopoly, yet did you know that real monopolies room usually illegal? The Federal trade Commission renders sure that suppliers follow the law, use fair service practices, and don"t cheat the consumer. They also protect consumer by investigating complaints and also educating us around what come look out for. The FTC"s official website renders for an interesting read because that anyone who could do company in the U.S.
Consumer Protection
Are you gaining your money"s worth? examine here prior to you do a purchase to discover out exactly how you can be hoodwinked if girlfriend aren"t careful.
DefenseLink — The U.S. Room of Defense
With the Army, wait Force, maritime Corps, and also the navy under the auspices, the department of Defense is the part of the federal government assigned to maintaining national security. Its official website has pages ~ above such risks to the U.S. As weapons of massive destruction and also anthrax, and online memorials come fallen soldiers, Olympic coverage, and also much more.
Joint Chiefs of Staff
The head honchos of each army branch make up the joint Chiefs that Staff, who advise the chairman on armed forces matters. Discover out around the composition and philosophy that the organization here.
The United states Department of Justice
Attorney basic Janet Reno and also her office space responsible because that finding and also prosecuting federal criminals. The official Department of justice website is complete of amazing information, including the FBI"s most wanted list and pages on hot topics from school violence to the death penalty.

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U.S. State Department
Even though only 1% of the national budget plan goes to global affairs, the State room does several of the many publicized government-related work-related in the country. The same company that represents the U.S. In the United nations is responsible for negotiating trade agreements and also issuing passports and also visas. Take it a watch at some of the State Department"s recent projects at their main website.

See more: How Long Can Raw Shrimp Sit Out, How Long Raw Shrimp Room Temp

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United states Treasury Department
Show me the money! The U.S. Treasury department monitors the government"s financial institution accounts, prints money, and also investigates tax evasion, amongst many other duties. Find out the answers to all her questions around one of the oldest offices in the U.S. Government at their official website.

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