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James J. Tissot, "David in the Wilderness the Ziph" (1896-1902) gouache on board, Jewish Museum, new York.Larger Image.

Put you yourself in David"s sandals because that a moment. The king whom David honors looks for to kill him. Saul will protect against at naught -- also at spiritual boundaries! when David seeks sanctuary v Israel"s revered prophet Samuel, Saul no much longer fears God. Other than for God"s intervention, Saul would have killed David in Samuel"s really home (19:18-24).

You are watching: David on the run from saul

Jonathan, his dearest friend, can no much longer associate with him. In fact, David"s an extremely presence puts rather is hazard -- as we"ll soon see (22:6-19).

David is top top his own, a fugitive, to run for his life. Yes, God will certainly be with him during this time -- abundantly -- however David is simply learning come walk v the Lord. David is desperate and without sources to make an escape.

David access time the Tabernacle in ~ Nob (21:1)

The an initial leg the David"s flight is to the tabernacle the the lord at Nob, probably about two miles from his hideout v Samuel.

Since Joshua and for 300 years, Shiloh<76>had been the ar of the tabernacle (Joshua 18:1). Here, the young Samuel had actually been raised under Eli the high priest. However when the ark to be lost and Eli"s boy were killed (1 Samuel 4-7), Shiloh was abandoned and also apparently destroyed (Psalm 78:60; Jeremiah 7:4, 12-15; 26:6).

Map: The clergymans of Nob.Larger map.

The tabernacle, the facility of Yahweh worship, has actually moved come Nob<77>-- also though the ark is no much longer within it. Nobility is "the town of the priests" (22:19) where the Bread the the presence (showbread) is put before the lord weekly (21:6), together prescribed in the Torah (Leviticus 24:5-9). The high priest"s ephod is likewise here comprise the Urim and Thummim used to inquire that the mr (1 Samuel 21:9).

The high priest might well have actually been aware of Saul"s attempt to record David at nearby Naioth, therefore he is afraid when he sees David by himself. If Ahimelech intended assists a fugitive, Saul is likely to kill him, for this reason David provides up a story about a sudden secret mission that the king has actually sent him on in order to protect the priest. Is this deliberate deception? Perhaps, but David might be referring to the mission that King Yahweh is sending him on together the anointed the the Lord.<78>(For a more thorough discussion, view Appendix 6. Considering David"s Deceit.)

David Is offered Holy Bread (21:3-6)

David requests food. The just food Ahimelech has actually to offer him is some consecrated showbread, part loaves that the Bread that the Presence, that had actually been before the lord in the tabernacle the ahead week. It is holy, and normally only eaten by the priests themselves (Leviticus 24:5-9). Ahimelech go his early diligence to safeguard the holiness the the bread by asking David if his guys are ritually clean -- specifics if they have had sex that would make lock ritually unclean until evening (Leviticus 15:16-18; Exodus 19:15; 1 Corinthians 7:5). David assures him that he and his guys are ritually clean and also Ahimelech gives him part bread.

Jesus cites this incident when he is questioned about eating serial on the Sabbath.

""Have you never ever read what David did when he and also his companions to be hungry and also in need? In the days of Abiathar the high priest,<79>he gone into the residence of God and also ate the consecrated bread, which is lawful just for priests to eat. And he also gave some to his companions." then he said to them, "The Sabbath was made for man, not guy for the Sabbath. For this reason the son of guy is Lord even of the Sabbath."" (Mark 2:25-28)

The Pharisees had criticized his disciples because that plucking part grain heads to munch on as they walked with a wheat field -- in itself entirely legal in Jesus' day. But since this took location on the Sabbath, the Pharisees to be classifying this as "harvesting," which was "work." Jesus cites this incident as if to say come the legalistic Pharisees: The scriptures itself gives instances of versatility in interpreting the rules. If the an excellent David was permitted to eat the the holy bread, just how much an ext the kid of Man!

The sword of Goliath -- and also Dark Foreshadowing (21:7-9)

David asks Ahimelech if over there are any kind of weapons available. It turns out the the knife of Goliath is "wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod" -- probably to preserve it in Yahweh"s visibility as a token of God"s an excellent victory over the Philistines that day. He gives it to David.

But David"s presence has actually not unable to do undetected. The narrator records:

"Now among Saul"s servants to be there that day, detained prior to the LORD; he to be Doeg the Edomite, Saul"s head shepherd." (21:7)

Doeg, among Saul"s servants is there, "detained before the LORD," maybe for part punishment or penance -- we"re not sure.<80>Doeg is not an Israelite, however probably a captive native Saul"s campaign versus Edom (14:47). Later, Doeg reports this incident to Saul, v dire after-effects (22:6-19)!

David Feigns Insanity before Achish of Gath (21:10-15)

David doesn"t linger in ~ Nob. He flees west to among the key Philistine urban for protection. The wasn"t unusual for a fugitive to look for refuge v his pursuer"s enemy, therefore David appeals because that asylum from Achish, king that Gath.<81>

Indeed, Achish grants David asylum. Every is well until members the Achish"s court start to recall that David yes, really is -- an arch foe of the Philistines, the man who in his youth had actually killed Gath"s own champion, Goliath (17:4).

"Isn"t this David, the king the the land? Isn"t that the one they sing around in your dances: "Saul has slain his thousands, and also David his 10s of thousands"?" (21:11)

At this point, David realizes the he is in tomb danger! however he is resourceful:

"He pretended to it is in insane in their presence; and also while he remained in their hands he acted favor a madman, making point out on the doors of the gate and letting saliva operation down his beard" (21:13)

David"s ruse works! (See attachment 6. Considering David"s Deceit.) Achish concludes the he have to be insane quite than a threat. Ns love Achish"s retort come his courtiers" insistent request to carry David before the king because that questioning:

"Am ns so short of madmen the you have to bring this other here to lug on choose this in front of me? must this male come into my house?"" (21:15)

Achish is happy to it is in rid of that -- and also David is happy come escape through his life. He travel a couple of miles east to Adullam.

David Gathers 400 guys at the cavern of Adullam (22:1-4)

Adullam (which method "refuge") was a Canaanite city, eastern of Gath, west of Bethlehem. Close by to be a hill that was fortified and also known for its caves, few of them fairly large.<82>

By now, Saul is start to threaten anyone pertained to David -- including his family members in Bethlehem. Saul is crazy with rage and also they are afraid for your lives. So when they hear the David has uncovered a place to hide, they go to join him. For example, David"s brothers and sisters and their youngsters join David in ~ Adullam. 3 of David"s nephews, the boy of his sister Zeruiah, turn out come be exceptional warriors in their own right -- Joab, Abishai, and Asahel. Due to the fact that David is one of the youngest sons of his father, these nephews may by fairly close come his age.

The family members space not alone in search refuge with David.

"All those that were in distress<83> or in debt<84> or discontented<85>gathered around him, and also he came to be their leader. Around four hundred males were v him." (22:2)

Map: David"s Sojourn in the Wilderness. 1 Samuel 21-23. Bigger map.

David starts to tempt others who Saul is pursuing -- those who owe money gift hounded for repayment, rebels who want to overthrow Saul, and probably a couple of bandits who are wanted for miscellaneous crimes. Many have a price on your head. Can you imagine trying to unite and also lead together a motley crew? everything leadership an abilities David has developed so much are tested and also honed here!!

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James J. Tissot, "David"s Valiant Men" (1896-1902) gouache ~ above board, Jewish Museum, brand-new York.Larger image.

"Day after day males came to help David, until he had actually a an excellent army, like the army of God." (1 Chronicles 12:22)

David has end up being a an effective warlord through his own private army<86>-- and the responsibility to feed them and also their families!

Q1. (1 Samuel 22:2) Why were David"s guys attracted to him? What go they have actually in common? What kind of males were these? What obstacles do friend think David probably had actually in leading them?http://www.joyfulheart.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=1168

David"s Mighty guys (2 Samuel 23:8-39 = 1 Chronicles 11:10-47)

Here is where we candlestick to mention some that the legend warriors that become component of David"s tape -- the Three and also the Thirty! towards the end of 2 Samuel the narrator names and recounts several of the exploits of these mighty men, however we"ll research them right here instead of in great 13. Girlfriend can practically hear the whispered story of their exploits together told approximately flickering campfires.

The three (2 Samuel 23:8-12)Josheb-Basshebeth, a Tahkemonite, chef of the Three. "He elevated his spear against eight hundreds men, who he killed in one encounter" (2 Samuel 23:8).Eleazar boy of Dodai the Ahohite. "The guys of Israel retreated, but he was standing his ground and also struck down the Philistines it spins his hand thrived tired and froze come the sword" (2 Samuel 23:9-10).Shammah son of Agee the Hararite. "Israel"s troops fled native , however Shammah took his stand in the middle of the field. He safeguarded it and struck the Philistines down" (2 Samuel 23:11-12).Leaders (2 Samuel 23:18-23)Abishai the brother of Joab boy of Zeruiah to be chief of the Three. "He increased his spear against three hundred men, who he killed" (2 Samuel 23:18). As discussed above, Joab and also Abishai are David"s nephews.Benaiah boy of Jehoiada native Kabzeel, in fee of his bodyguard. "He struck down two of Moab"s best men. He likewise went down into a pit top top a snowy day and also killed a lion. And he struck under a huge Egyptian ... And killed him through his very own spear." (2 Samuel 23:20-21)The Thirty (2 Samuel 23:24-39)

Here"s the list:

Asahel the brothers of JoabElhanan kid of Dodo from BethlehemShammah the HaroditeElika the HaroditeHelez the PaltiteIra kid of Ikkesh native TekoaAbiezer native AnathothMebunnai the HushathiteZalmon the AhohiteMaharai the NetophathiteHeled child of Baanah the NetophathiteIthai son of Ribai native Gibeah in BenjaminBenaiah the PirathoniteHiddai native the ravines that GaashAbi-Albon the ArbathiteAzmaveth the BarhumiteEliahba the Shaalbonite, The sons of Jashan,Jonathan son of Shammah the HarariteAhiam son of Sharar the HarariteEliphelet son of Ahasbai the MaacathiteEliam son of Ahithophel the GiloniteHezro the CarmelitePaarai the ArbiteIgal child of Nathan from Zobah the son of HagriZelek the AmmoniteNaharai the Beerothite, the armor-bearer of Joab kid of Zeruiah,Ira the IthriteGareb the IthriteUriah the Hittite

These men create a bond through David in challenging times by your bravery and also endurance. As soon as David becomes king, they receive high places in the army.

The last-named mighty warrior is Uriah the Hittite, that is eliminated at David"s command as the cover-up for David"s affair v his wife, Bathsheba, while he is far at battle (2 Samuel 11). So much for loyalty!

Part the this warrior lore is a story from the moment that David was in the stronghold<87>at the cavern of Adullam. David had talked aloud that his wish for "a drink the water indigenous the well near the door of Bethlehem." He never ever imagined that any type of would take it him seriously. However the Three, at good risk to your lives, damaged through Philistine lines, obtained the water, and also brought that back. Once David establish what they had actually done,

"He refuse to drink it; instead, he poured the out prior to the LORD. "Far be it indigenous me, O LORD, to perform this!' that said. "Is it not the blood of males who went at the hazard of their lives?"" (2 Samuel 23:16b-17)

It is the stuff of legend!

David Flees to the Wilderness that Judah (1 Samuel 22:3-5)

After a look in ~ David"s mighty men in 2 Samuel 23, us go ago to the succession in 1 Samuel again.

The caves at Adullam room still breakable to Saul"s army. For this reason David and also his military find one more stronghold,<88>perhaps in the wilderness that Judah. While in the region, David goes come Moab, east of the Dead Sea, and also leaves his aging parental in the treatment of the king that Moab.

The prophet Gad is apparently part of David"s band currently -- most likely one the the methods David is able come hear God"s voice as soon as he inquires that the Lord. Gad tells him: ""Do not stay in the stronghold. Enter the land of Judah.' for this reason David left and also went to the forest of Hereth."<89>God is watching out for David.

Saul questions the Benjamites" commitment (22:6-10)

Though Saul knows whereby David is, he can"t it seems to be ~ to record him. That is paranoid and accuses his tribesmen, the Benjamites, that conspiracy -- of maintaining him in the dark around Jonathan"s covenant with David.

This accusation prompts Doeg the Edomite to tell Saul -- belatedly -- the he had seen David getting assist from the high priest Ahimelech (21:1-9). Doeg says:

"Ahimelech inquired that the lord for him; he additionally gave him provisions and the sword of Goliath the Philistine." (22:10)

Saul Destroys the priests of nob (22:11-19)

Saul now suspects all the priests of conspiring through his adversary David -- even though castle didn"t understand anything around David"s flight at the time. That summons Ahimelech the high priest, who protests his innocence. Saul doesn"t believe him and also orders his safety to death all the priests. They space unwilling "to progressive a hand to strike the priests of the LORD" (22:17b). Therefore Saul orders Doeg the Edomite -- that isn"t a true Israelite or believer in Yahweh -- to kill them. The narrator reports the sad story:

"So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck castle down. That day he killed eighty-five men who wore the linen ephod. He additionally put to the knife Nob, the town of the priests, with its men and also women, its children and also infants, and also its cattle, donkeys and also sheep." (22:18-19)

Saul completely annihilates every the priests and also their entire town! the is so out of control that he will certainly kill Yahweh"s own consecrated servants!

This mass killing severely damages Saul"s capacity to lead. He has actually lost any kind of moral high ground amongst his people. And he loser his capability to look for God"s will through the Urim and Thummim, i beg your pardon the clergymans possess. Now Saul has to make decisions blind. Due to the fact that he deserve to no longer inquire that the Lord, he eventually turns to sorcery, the witch the Endor (1 Samuel 28).

Abiathar the monk Flees come David (22:20-23)

But one monk escapes the slaughter.

"Abiathar, a son of Ahimelech boy of Ahitub, escaped and also fled to join David.... Now Abiathar son of Ahimelech had carried the ephod down with him once he fled to David at Keilah." (22:20)

When David learns around Saul"s slaughter, that is heartsick and feels the it is his fault. That invites the high priest"s son, Abiathar,<90>to stay with him because that his own safety. Yet there is another important benefit of Abiathar"s existence -- the ephod.

The ephod is component of the high priest"s clothing that include the Urim and also Thummim, reportedly lots supplied to determine God"s will as soon as David inquires that Yahweh.<91>David now has actually the capability to look for God"s will about key decisions. In addition, both David and the prophet Gad possess a prophetic gift come hear indigenous God (2 Samuel 23:1-2). David is led by the Lord, when Saul action in the dark. The end of tragedy, God bring light.

Inquiring the the Lord about Keilah (23:1-12)

Immediately, David requirements to inquire of the Lord. Philistine raiders space attacking the walled Judean city of Keilah,<92>just southern of the cave of Adullam, and also stealing their crops right in ~ harvest time.

"2 inquired that the LORD, saying, "Shall i go and attack this Philistines?' The mr answered him, "Go, attack the Philistines and also save Keilah."3 but David"s males said to him, "Here in Judah we room afraid. How much more, then, if we go come Keilah versus the Philistine forces!"4 when again David inquired of the LORD, and also the mr answered him, "Go down to Keilah, for ns am going to provide the Philistines into your hand."" (23:2-4)

"Inquire" is shāʾal, "ask, inquire," in particular, questioning God because that guidance.<93>Notice the in this instance, the answers David receives are "yes" or "no." This most likely represents the use of the Urim and also Thummim. These seem to be a pair of too many that deserve to answer: yes, no, and maybe. Though we don"t know for sure, you can quickly imagine a pair of lots, each significant with "yes" on one side and also "no" top top the other. If, when the lots room cast, lock both come up the same, the price is clear. Yet if they come increase with various answers, climate the prize is not clear.

The lord confirms come David the he should attack the marauding Philistines in ~ Keilah and he does for this reason successfully, conserving the town.

David"s males stay at Keilah for a time, but David realizes the he is fragile there. Saul deserve to lay siege to the city and also capture him. For this reason he inquires the the mr again and also receives the answer that the citizens of Keilah will undoubtedly surrender him come Saul rather than resist Saul"s siege. David move on.

"So David and his men, about six hundreds in number, left Keilah and kept relocating from location to place. As soon as Saul was told the David had actually escaped from Keilah, that did not go there." (23:13)

Being able come consult the lord is an essential to David"s protection so that he deserve to remain in God"s will.

Q2. (1 Samuel 22:20-23:12) What go Abiathar and also the ephod need to do with "inquiring of the Lord?" Why walk David inquire that the Lord? What huge advantage walk the person have actually who looks for God"s will prior to acting? How deserve to you discover God"s will at key points in her life?http://www.joyfulheart.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=1169

Hiding in the Wilderness the Ziph (23:14a)

"David remained in the desert strongholds and also in the hills that the Desert the Ziph. Work after work Saul looked for him, yet God did not offer David into his hands." (23:14a)

David has sought refuge with the prophet Samuel and the king that Gath. He has hidden in caves and cities, but he isn"t for sure anywhere. Saul"s spies are everywhere, report on his every movement. And so David turns to the Judean desert because that his own survival.

When we think of desert, the unlimited sands the the Sahara may come to mind, however this doesn"t define the kind of desert you uncover in Judah. Arid, rocky, and also rugged are far better descriptors. The desert is a dry place, whereby water is not conveniently found. That is barren and can be terrifying, lonely, v a solitude that have the right to be frightening.

If you were to attract an east-west cross-section that Judah v Hebron, on the west you find the coastal plain whereby the Philistines live. Then, walking east, you pertained to the reduced hills, the Shepelah, where Judean towns space being threatened by Philistine encroachment. Climate you concerned the hill country, a north-south ridge top top which girlfriend find major Judean urban such together Hebron and also Jerusalem. Farther eastern -- in between the ridge and the Dead Sea -- is the Judean desert, extending to one escarpment which drops precipitously down to the Dead Sea and also the Jordan Valley. That is cut by numerous rocky, dried wadis and also steep canyons.

The Judean desert obtain only four inches of rain a year as result of the rain shadow effect of the ridge that mountains. As soon as the wilderness does get rain, however, the desert blossoms -- because that a short time. Yet somehow, amidst the scrub, sheep and goats deserve to be grazed and find sustenance in the desert.

In the Judean wilderness, David can find safety. It is rugged nation where a guerilla force could sustain itself, however an regular army couldn"t critical long. Its rocky formations administer tremendous protection against attack. Indeed, in several of his psalms, David paint, etc a parallel between God"s protection and these wilderness fortresses:

"Turn her ear come me,come conveniently to my rescue;be mine rock of refuge, a solid fortress to save me.Since you are my rock and also my fortress,for the benefits of your name lead and guide me.Free me indigenous the trap that is collection for me,for you room my refuge." (Psalm 31:2-4)

Here"s an additional psalm native this duration that recalls several of the high rocks in which David and his tape hide native Saul:

I love you, O LORD, mine strength. The lord is my rock, mine fortress and my deliverer; mine God is my rock, in whom ns take refuge. The is mine shield and also the horn of my salvation, mine stronghold. I contact to the LORD, that is worthy that praise, and also I am saved from mine enemies....With your assist I can advance against a troop; with my God I deserve to scale a wall....He makes my feet choose the feet of a deer; he allows me to stand on the heights. (Psalm 18:1-3, 29, 33)

While the Judean Desert is the term because that the whole area, our message refers an ext precisely come the Desert that Ziph (23:25) and the Desert that Maon (23:25). These would certainly be the wilderness areas to the east of the cities named. Ziph is more than likely to be identified with phone call Ziph, around 5 miles southeast that Hebron, when Maon is the modern Khirbet Ma`în, about 4-1/2 miles southern of Ziph.

I can hardly imagine how a tape of 600 men and also their families could survive in the Judean wilderness. Castle suffer often from hunger and thirst. Psalm 63 is "a psalm of David once he remained in the desert of Judah." You have the right to see hints here and there of his struggle.

"1 O God, you room my God, earnestly I seek you;my soul thirsts because that you, my body longs because that you,in a dry and weary land where there is no water.... 4 I will praise girlfriend as long as ns live,and in your name I will lift up my hands. 5 My heart will it is in satisfied as with the richest of foods; with singing lips my mouth will certainly praise you. 6 On my bed ns remember you; i think that you with the the town hall of the night. 7 since you are my help,I sing in the shadow of your wings. 8 My soul clings come you;your right hand upholds me." (Psalm 63:1, 4-8)

Some scholars have argued that David made living forcing wealthy men like Nabal to pay "protection money,"<94> yet this speculation isn"t supported by the Scripture. Such a policy certainly wouldn"t have endeared him to his Judean people members -- who later anoint him as king.<95> Some family members may have gone residence -- if they were able -- during this period. No doubt David walk receive help from forgiveness people. We simply don"t know just how David"s men all survived; most likely some didn"t.

Jonathan encourages David in ~ Horesh (23:14-18)

Fear has driven David right into the desert: "Day after work Saul sought him," (23:14a). To say that David was afraid is no the same regarding suggest that he was no courageous. Fear and also courage coexist.

But God even cares around our anxieties! In this case, God sends out Jonathan come encourage David. He is at Horesh, an unknown area in the desert eastern of Ziph.<96>Saul is ~ him, and also Jonathan -- maybe travelling with his father"s military -- pertains to find him. David"s men let that pass because of David"s affection because that the king"s kid -- and because the the covenant of tranquility David has actually with Jonathan. The narrator records that Jonathan "helped him find strength in God" (23:16). Watch Jonathan"s words:

"Don"t it is in afraid. My dad Saul will not put a hand ~ above you. You will certainly be king end Israel, and I will be 2nd to you. Also my father Saul knows this." (23:17)

They renew your covenant before Yahweh prior to Jonathan return home.

Q3. (1 Samuel 23:14-18) Why go Jonathan visit David in the wilderness? What risk is there because that David? What danger is there for Jonathan? What carry out you think it supposed to David? have you ever received a visit from a friend as soon as you necessary it most?http://www.joyfulheart.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=1170

Saul almost Captures David in the Judean Wilderness (23:19-28)

But our famous hero is not loved by all -- even the citizens of Ziph indigenous his very own tribe that Judah. Castle send a delegation come Saul"s capital to report David"s exact location -- "in the strongholds at Horesh, top top the hill of Hakilah, south of Jeshimon" (23:19).<97>

David then moves a few miles southern to the desert of Maon. Saul is hot on David"s trace in a deadly video game of cat and also mouse.

"Saul was going follow me one side of the mountain, and David and also his guys were ~ above the other side, hurrying to acquire away indigenous Saul." (23:26)

But just as lock are about to capture David, a messenger reports to Saul about a Philistine raid. That is required to break turn off his search to defend his country against the Philistines. The Lord"s time is exquisite.

Now David travels to the "strongholds of En Gedi," the impenetrable rock formations overlooking the oasis the En Gedi (23:29). We"ll discuss much more about his time in En Gedi in class 5.

Historical Ascriptions the the Psalms the David

David is carefully identified v worship music in the holy bible (Amos 6:5). That sang to patience his lamb on the hillsides and also for King Saul in his royal residence (1 Samuel 16:14-23; 18:10-11), accompanying himself on a lyre or harp. That is dubbed "the sweet psalmist of Israel" (2 Samuel 23:1), v 73 psalms attributed to him -- nearly fifty percent of the publication of Psalms. Numerous of these contain ascriptions the tell united state on what chance he wrote the psalm. Below are some of them, placed in about chronological order.

1 Samuel 19:11

Psalm 59. "When Saul had actually sent men to watch David"s home in bespeak to death him."

21:12-15

Psalm 56. "When the Philistines had actually seized the in Gath."

21:13-15

Psalm 34. "When he pretended to be insane before Abimelech, that drove the away, and also he left." A beautiful acrostic psalm.

22:9-10

Psalm 52. "When Doeg the Edomite had actually gone to Saul and told him, "David has actually gone to the house of Ahimelech.""

22:1

Psalm 57. "When he had actually fled indigenous Saul into the cave."

22:1

Psalm 142. "When he remained in the cave."

22:5; 23:14-16, 23f

Psalm 63. "When he remained in the Desert the Judah."

23:19

Psalm 54. "When the Ziphites had gone come Saul and said, "Is not David hiding amongst us?""

Chapter 22

Psalm 18. "He sang come the lord the indigenous of this song as soon as the LORD yielded him indigenous the hand of all his enemies and from the hand the Saul."

2 Samuel 8:13-14

Psalm 60. "When he combated Aram Naharaim and Aram Zobah, and also when Joab returned and struck under twelve thousands Edomites in the valley of Salt."

12:13

Psalm 51. "When the prophet Nathan concerned him after ~ David had committed adultery with Bathsheba."

Chapter 15

Psalm 3. "When that fled native his boy Absalom."

Q4. (Psalms 18, 34, 54, 56, 58, 59, 142) In this ascriptions to these psalms, how numerous celebrate happy occasions? How many arise indigenous struggles? What go this tell you about David"s connection with God? What walk this tell you about his faith throughout trials? which is your favorite among these psalms? Why?http://www.joyfulheart.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=1171

Lessons because that Disciples

What execute we learn from these chapters that us can use to our very own lives? number of things.

Provision. God offers for his servants, also in time of desperate need, together David discovered bread and a sword in the house of the Lord.God"s fashioning. Every good person has times of seeming failure, and also times the success and adulation. Don"t referee too quickly that God has actually forgotten you. That is molding you into a finely-crafted instrument the he have the right to use in his work.Leaders. Leaders often tend to attract followers once they are struggling and also when they"re on top, together David gathered a tape of mighty males in the wilderness. Look for a human being that people are following and also you"ll discover a leader.Learning. Time of battle are regularly when you discover the most and do your best work. Don"t discount the obstacles you confront in your wilderness as wasted time.Guidance. The ability to look for God"s will certainly is a really precious gift. David had this in the presence of the Urim and the Thummim, the agency of a prophet, and also his very own prophetic gift. Friend can uncover God"s will certainly if you seek him with all her heart, since, if you"re a Christian, you own the holy Spirit of God who connects you v the very mind the Christ (1 Corinthians 2:10-16).Betrayal. Even civilization you have actually helped may well betray you, as the residents of Keilah and also Ziph will certainly betray David. Friend will accomplish disappointment. But don"t despair! You have actually an unshakable Rock, the Lord her God. The will never leave friend or forsake girlfriend (Hebrews 13:5)!Praise. We space to worship God in all situations (1 Thessalonians 5:16-18), together David did in plenty of of his Wilderness-era psalms. Our joy is in the lord himself, no in whether everything is going well or not.

Wilderness times space terribly difficult. Lock strip us down to the essentials and also test us to the very core so the we understand what is yes, really important. Several times in the holy bible we see God making use of the desert to refine his people. The Israelites spent 40 year in the desert. Jesus invested 40 days. The Apostle Paul invested 3 years. David"s time is among refining and also connecting steady to the absent of Israel.

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Available as a book in paperback, Kindle, and also PDF formats.

Have you been with a wilderness experience? space you going with one right now? God has actually not forsaken you. The loves you like he love David. That is v you in the wilderness, and he is utilizing this time to mold you into a new person. Embrace Him. This time will pass. But when friend come the end of your wilderness, you"ll be much better prepared because that the future God will unfold before you. God is functioning out his setup in you.

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Prayer

Lord, you know what we"re going through, what we"ve been through. It seems so an extremely hard! yet we room confident that you are the God of the wilderness and also the God of thriving times. We deserve to count top top you. You will be to united state a Refuge, a Fortress, a the shade by day and Shield by night. Thank you, O Lord. Provide us strength! In Jesus" name, us pray. Amen.

Key Verses

"David left Gath and also escaped to the cave of Adullam. When his brothers and also his father"s household heard around it, lock went down to that there. Every those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered around him, and also he ended up being their leader. About four hundred guys were with him." (1 Samuel 22:1-2)

"Once again David inquired that the LORD, and also the lord answered him, "Go under to Keilah, for i am going to give the Philistines right into your hand."... (Now Abiathar child of Ahimelech had carried the ephod down with him as soon as he fled to David at Keilah.)" (1 Samuel 23:4, 6)

"David remained in the desert strongholds and in the hills the the Desert the Ziph. Day after job Saul looked for him, however God walk not provide David right into his hands." (1 Samuel 23:14)