Fluorine

facet 9 of routine table is Fluorine through atomic number 9, atomic weight 18.9984032. Fluorine, price F, has actually a Base focused Monoclinic structure and also Colorless color. Fluorine is a halogens element. Trivial name of Fluorine is halogens*. Recognize everything about Fluorine Facts, physics Properties, chemistry Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.


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Fluorine is a chemical aspect with symbol F and also atomic number 9. The is the lightest halogen and exists together a highly toxic pale yellow diatomic gas at standard conditions. As the most electronegative element, that is extremely reactive:almost all other elements, consisting of some noble gases, form compounds through fluorine.

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Fluorine Facts

Read vital information and facts about element Fluorine

name Fluorine
atom Number 9
atom Symbol F
Atomic load 18.9984032
step Gas
shade Colorless
Classification halogens
team in regular Table 17
Group Name fluorine family
duration in regular Table 2
Block in regular Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 2s2 2p5
Melting point -219.6 °C
Boiling allude -188.12 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 7>
CAS Number CAS7782-41-4

neighborhood
2
He
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

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How to locate Fluorine on periodic Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atom number, variety of protons in the nucleus i beg your pardon is very same as number of electrons. The atom number increases from left come right. Routine table beginning at optimal left ( atom number 1) and ends in ~ bottom appropriate (atomic number 118). Thus you can straight look for atomic number 9 to uncover Fluorine on regular table.

Another method to read regular table and also locate an facet is by using team number (column) and duration number (row). To locate Fluorine on periodic table look for cross section of group 17 and period 2 in the modern periodic table.

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Table of Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Databases
Compare Fluorine with various other elements

Fluorine History

The aspect Fluorine was uncovered by André-Marie Ampère in year 1886 in France . Fluorine acquired its surname from the Latin fluere, definition "to flow"

Fluorine Presence: variety in Nature and also Around Us

The table below shows the variety of Fluorine in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
abundance in world 4e-07
variety in sun 5e-07
abundance in Meteorites 8.7e-05
Abundance in Earth"s late 0.00054
diversity in seas 1.3e-06
diversity in human beings 3.7e-05

Crystal structure of Fluorine

The heavy state structure of Fluorine is Base centered Monoclinic.

The decision structure deserve to be explained in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats chin in three dimensional room to kind the structure.

Unit cell Parameters

The unit cell is stood for in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths the the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
550 328 728 pm

and the angles in between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The positions of the atoms inside the unit cabinet are explained by the set of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured indigenous a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the decision are described by the concept of room groups. All possible symmetric species of corpuscle in three-dimensional room are defined by the 230 an are groups (219 unique types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are taken into consideration distinct.

space Group surname C12/c1
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space Group Number 15
Crystal structure Base focused Monoclinic

Fluorine Atomic and also Orbital Properties

Fluorine atoms have 9 electrons and the digital shell framework is <2, 7> through Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P3/2.


atomic Number 9
Number of electrons (with no charge) 9
Number of Protons 9
Mass Number 19
Number of Neutrons 10
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level) <2, 7>
Electron configuration 2s2 2p5
Valence Electrons 2s2 2p5
Oxidation State -1
Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P3/2

Shell structure of Fluorine - electron per energy level


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Ground State digital Configuration that Fluorine - neutral Fluorine atom

The soil state electronic configuration that Neutral Fluorine atom is 2s2 2p5. The part of Fluorine configuration that is indistinguishable to the noble gas of the preceding period, is abbreviated together . Because that atoms with plenty of electrons, this notation have the right to become prolonged and therefore an abbreviation notation is used.This is crucial as it is the Valence electrons 2s2 2p5, electrons in the outermost shell that determine the chemistry properties of the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration that neutral Fluorine

Complete floor state digital configuration because that the Fluorine atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p5

Atomic framework of Fluorine

Fluorine atom radius is 42 pm, while it"s covalent radius is 71 pm.

atom Radius

42 pm (0.42 Å)

Atomic Volume 11.2018886792 cm3
Covalent Radius 71 pm (0.71 Å)
van der Waals Radius 147 pm
ghost Cross section 0.0096 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum the Fluorine

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Fluorine chemical Properties: Fluorine Ionization Energies and also electron affinity

The electron affinity the Fluorine is 328 kJ/mol

Valence 1
Electronegativity 3.98
ElectronAffinity 328 kJ/mol

Ionization power of Fluorine

Refer come table below for Ionization energies that Fluorine

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 1681
2 3374.2
3 6050.4
4 8407.7
5 11022.7
6 15164.1
7 17868
8 92038.1
9 106434.3

Fluorine physical Properties

Refer to listed below table for Fluorine physics Properties

thickness 1.696 g/l
Molar Volume 11.2018886792 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus N/A
Shear Modulus N/A
mass Modulus N/A
Poisson ratio N/A

Hardness the Fluorine - tests to measure up of Hardness the Element

Mohs Hardness N/A
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness N/A

Fluorine electric Properties

Fluorine is N/A that electricity. Describe table below for the electrical properties that Fluorine

electric Conductivity N/A
Resistivity N/A
Superconducting point N/A

Fluorine Heat and also Conduction Properties

heat Conductivity 0.0277 W/(m K)
Thermal growth N/A

Fluorine Magnetic Properties

Magnetic form N/A
Curie allude N/A
fixed Magnetic Susceptibility N/A
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility N/A
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility N/A

Optical nature of Fluorine

Refractive index 1.000195

Acoustic nature of Fluorine

rate of Sound N/A

Fluorine thermal Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer to table below for heat properties that Fluorine

Melting suggest 53.5 K (-219.6 °C)
Boiling suggest 85.03 K (-188.12 °C)
crucial Temperature 144.13 K
Superconducting point N/A

Enthalpies the Fluorine

warm of blend 0.26 kJ/mol
heat of Vaporization 3.27 kJ/mol
heat of burning N/A

Fluorine isotope - atom Properties of Fluorine

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally developing Fluorine has 1 secure isotope - 19F.


Isotope Isotope massive % variety T fifty percent Decay setting
14F
15F
16F
17F
18F
19F 100% secure N/A
20F
21F
22F
23F
24F
25F
26F
27F
28F
29F
30F
31F

Regulatory and Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7782-41-4
RTECS Number RTECSLM6475000
period Hazard course 2.3
dot Numbers 9192
EU Number EU231-954-8
NFPA Fire Rating 0
NFPA hazards Oxidizing Agent, Water Reactive
NFPA health Rating 4
NFPA Reactivity Rating 4
Autoignition suggest N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

list of distinct identifiers to find the aspect in miscellaneous chemical it is registered databases

Database i would number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts organization (CAS) CAS7782-41-4
CID Number CID24524
Gmelin Number Gmelin16281
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSLM6475000

Compare Fluorine with all Group 17 elements

Fluorine vs Chlorine Fluorine vs Bromine Fluorine vs Iodine Fluorine vs Astatine Fluorine vs Tennessine

Compare Fluorine through all halogens elements

Fluorine vs Chlorine Fluorine vs Bromine Fluorine vs Iodine Fluorine vs Astatine Fluorine vs Tennessine