Copper

element 29 of routine table is Copper v atomic number 29, atomic load 63.546. Copper, prize Cu, has actually a Face centered Cubic structure and Copper color. Copper is a change metal element. Trivial surname of Copper is coinage metals. Understand everything about Copper Facts, physical Properties, chemistry Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Copper is a chemical facet with price Cu (from Latin:cuprum) and also atomic number 29. That is a soft, malleable and also ductile metal with an extremely high thermal and electrical conductivity. A fresh exposed surface ar of pure copper has actually a reddish-orange color.

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Copper Facts

Read key information and also facts around element Copper

name Copper
atomic Number 29
atom Symbol Cu
Atomic weight 63.546
step Solid
color Copper
Classification transition metal
group in periodic Table 11
Group Name copper family members
period in regular Table 4
Block in periodic Table d-block
Electronic Configuration 3d10 4s1
Melting suggest 1084.62 °C
Boiling suggest 2927 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 18, 1>
CAS Number CAS7440-50-8

community
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

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How to locate Copper on routine Table

Periodic table is arranged by atom number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of electrons. The atomic number increases from left to right. Periodic table start at top left ( atom number 1) and also ends in ~ bottom appropriate (atomic number 118). Thus you can straight look for atomic number 29 to find Copper on periodic table.

Another method to read regular table and also locate an element is by using team number (column) and duration number (row). To find Copper on periodic table look for cross section of team 11 and period 4 in the contemporary periodic table.

discover Interactive periodic Table come Understand and Learn Cool fads

Table the Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Databases
Compare Copper with other elements

Copper History

The element Copper was found by Middle east in year 8000 BC in unknown ar . Copper obtained its name from English word (Latin cuprum)

Copper Presence: variety in Nature and also Around Us

The table below shows the abundance of Copper in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
variety in cosmos 6×10-6%
variety in sunlight 7e-07
diversity in Meteorites 0.00011
Abundance in Earth"s crust 6.8e-05
diversity in oceans 3×10-7%
abundance in human beings 1e-06

Crystal structure of Copper

The hard state structure of Copper is Face centered Cubic.

The crystal structure have the right to be explained in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats itself in 3 dimensional space to kind the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cabinet is represented in regards to its lattice parameters, which room the lengths that the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)

a b c
361.49 361.49 361.49 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The positions of the atoms within the unit cell are explained by the set of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the crystal are described by the ide of room groups. All feasible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are explained by the 230 an are groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are thought about distinct.

an are Group name Fm_ 3m
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room Group Number 225
Crystal structure Face focused Cubic

Copper Atomic and also Orbital Properties

Copper atoms have actually 29 electrons and also the digital shell structure is <2, 8, 18, 1> v Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2S1/2.


atomic Number 29
Number of electron (with no charge) 29
Number of Protons 29
Mass Number 64
Number of Neutrons 35
Shell framework (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 18, 1>
Electron construction 3d10 4s1
Valence Electrons 3d10 4s1
Oxidation State -2 1;2;3;4
Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2S1/2

Shell structure of Copper - electrons per energy level


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Ground State digital Configuration of Copper - neutral Copper atom

The soil state digital configuration that Neutral Copper atom is 3d10 4s1. The part of Copper configuration that is indistinguishable to the noble gas that the coming before period, is abbreviated together . For atoms with plenty of electrons, this notation have the right to become prolonged and therefore an abbreviation notation is used.This is essential as that is the Valence electron 3d10 4s1, electrons in the outermost covering that recognize the chemical properties the the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration that neutral Copper

Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Copper atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s1

Atomic structure of Copper

Copper atom radius is 145 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 138 pm.

atomic Radius

145 afternoon (1.45 Å)

Atomic Volume 7.12399103139 cm3
Covalent Radius 138 pm (1.38 Å)
valve der Waals Radius 140 pm
spirit Cross ar 3.78 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum the Copper

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Copper chemistry Properties: Copper Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity that Copper is 118.4 kJ/mol

Valence 2
Electronegativity 1.9
ElectronAffinity 118.4 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Copper

Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Copper

Ionization energy number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 745.5
2 1957.9
3 3555
4 5536
5 7.7×103
6 9.9×103
7 1.34×104
8 1.6×104
9 1.92×104
10 2.24×104
11 2.56×104
12 3.56×104
13 3.87×104
14 4.2×104
15 4.67×104
16 5.02×104
17 5.37×104
18 6.11×104
19 64702
20 1.637×105
21 1.741×105

Copper physics Properties

Refer to listed below table for Copper physical Properties

thickness 8.92 g/cm3
Molar Volume 7.12399103139 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 130 GPa
Shear Modulus 48 GPa
bulk Modulus 140 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.34

Hardness the Copper - exam to measure up of Hardness of Element

Mohs Hardness 3 MPa
Vickers Hardness 369 MPa
Brinell Hardness 874 MPa

Copper electric Properties

Copper is Conductor that electricity. Describe table listed below for the electric properties of Copper

electrical Conductivity 5.9×107 S/m
Resistivity 1.7×10-8 m Ω
Superconducting allude N/A

Copper Heat and also Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 400 W/(m K)
Thermal growth 0.0000165 K-1

Copper Magnetic Properties

Magnetic form Diamagnetic
Curie point N/A
mass Magnetic Susceptibility -1.08×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -6.86×10-11
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -9.63×10-6

Optical nature of Copper

Refractive table of contents N/A

Acoustic properties of Copper

rate of Sound 3570 m/s

Copper thermal Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer come table below for thermal properties that Copper

Melting point 1357.77 K (1084.62 °C)
Boiling point 3.2×103 K (2927 °C)
an important Temperature N/A
Superconducting suggest N/A

Enthalpies the Copper

warm of combination 13.1 kJ/mol
warm of Vaporization 300 kJ/mol
warm of combustion N/A

Copper isotopes - nuclear Properties the Copper

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally developing Copper has actually 2 steady isotope - 63Cu, 65Cu.


Isotope Isotope mass % diversity T fifty percent Decay setting
52Cu
53Cu
54Cu
55Cu
56Cu
57Cu
58Cu
59Cu
60Cu
61Cu
62Cu
63Cu 69.17% stable N/A
64Cu
65Cu 30.83% steady N/A
66Cu
67Cu
68Cu
69Cu
70Cu
71Cu
72Cu
73Cu
74Cu
75Cu
76Cu
77Cu
78Cu
79Cu
80Cu

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-50-8
RTECS Number RTECSGL5325000
period Hazard course 4.1
period Numbers 3089
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 1
NFPA dangers N/A
NFPA health and wellness Rating 1
NFPA Reactivity Rating 0
Autoignition allude N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

perform of distinct identifiers to search the aspect in various chemical registry databases

Database i would number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts business (CAS) CAS7440-50-8
CID Number CID23978
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSGL5325000

Compare Copper with all Group 11 elements

Copper vs silver Copper vs gold Copper vs Roentgenium

Compare Copper through all transition metal elements

Copper vs Scandium Copper vs Titanium Copper vs Vanadium Copper vs Chromium Copper vs Manganese Copper vs iron Copper vs Cobalt Copper vs Nickel Copper vs Zinc Copper vs Yttrium Copper vs Zirconium Copper vs Niobium Copper vs Molybdenum Copper vs Technetium Copper vs Ruthenium Copper vs Rhodium Copper vs Palladium Copper vs silver- Copper vs Cadmium Copper vs Hafnium Copper vs Tantalum Copper vs Tungsten Copper vs Rhenium Copper vs Osmium Copper vs Iridium Copper vs Platinum Copper vs gold Copper vs Mercury Copper vs Rutherfordium Copper vs Dubnium Copper vs Seaborgium Copper vs Bohrium Copper vs Hassium Copper vs Meitnerium Copper vs Darmstadtium Copper vs Roentgenium Copper vs Copernicium