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The illustration of simple cuboidal epithelium is ________.

You are watching: The tissue that is usually well vascularized and has an extensive extracellular matrix is called:

A) Label A

B) Label B

C) Label C

D) Label D

E) Label E


The illustration of skeletal muscle tissue is ________.

A) Label A

B) Label B

C) Label C

D) Label D

E) Label E


The illustration of stratified squamous epithelium is ________.

A) Label A

B) Label B

C) Label C

D) Label D

E) Label E


The illustration of simple squamous epithelium is ________.

A) Label A

B) Label B

C) Label C

D) Label D

E) Label E


The illustration of cardiac muscle tissue is ________.

A) Label A

B) Label B

C) Label C

D) Label D

E) Label E


Cellular material located outside the nucleus yet inside the plasma membrane is the ________.

A) nucleolus

B) cytoplasm

C) interstitial fluid

D) extracellular fluid


The specialized cellular compartments within the cytosol of the cell are collectively called ________. A) organelles

B) cilia

C) flagella

D) microvilli


________, a type of cell junction, anchor adjacent cells together and prevent cells from being pulled apart.

A) Tight junctions

B) Gap junctions

C) Desmosomes

D) Cytoplasm


The phospholipid tails are ________, which make the plasma membrane impermeable to water.

A) water-loving

B) hydrophilic

C) polar

D) hydrophobic


The organelle responsible for making the majority of ATP in a cell is the ________.

A) Golgi apparatus

B) mitochondrion

C) rough endoplasmic reticulum

D) lysosome


The membrane connections that prevent the leaking of fluid between cells are called ________.

A) gap junctions

B) tight junctions

C) desmosomes

D) microvilli


The ________ is a network of proteins that forms an internal framework for the cell.

A) mitochondrion

B) cytoskeleton

C) rough endoplasmic reticulum

D) Golgi apparatus


The passive process that involves the movement of water through aquaporins is ________.

A) facilitated diffusion

B) endocytosis

C) solute pumping

D) osmosis


The nucleoplasm and cytosol make up the ________ fluid.

A) interstitial

B) intracellular

C) extracellular

D) nuclear


The movement of substances through the cell membrane against their concentration gradient is a type of ________ process.

A) active

B) passive

C) diffusion

D) filtration


The nucleotides of DNA join in a complementary way in which adenine pairs with ________ while cytosine pairs with ________.

A) adenine; cytosine

B) uracil; guanine

C) thymine; guanine

D) guanine; thymine


In cell division, the term that refers to division of the cytoplasm is ________.

A) mitosis

B) interphase

C) cytokinesis

D) meiosis


The period of the cell cycle when the cell grows and performs its metabolic activities is ________.

A) anaphase

B) interphase

C) metaphase

D) telophase


The purpose of ________ is to produce two genetically identical cells.

A) interphase

B) cell division

C) DNA replication

D) protein synthesis


The DNA segment that carries information for building one protein or polypeptide chain is called a(n) ________.

A) codon

B) gene

C) anticodon

D) amino acid


The two steps of protein synthesis, in the correct order, are ________ and ________.

A) transcription; translation

B) replication; mitosis

C) mitosis; cytokinesis

D) transcription; replication


Groups of cells that are similar in both structure and function are known as ________.

A) organs

B) organ systems

C) tissues

D) atoms


Epithelial tissues have one free surface or edge known as the ________ surface.

A) basement

B) apical

C) matrix

D) attached


The type of tissue consisting of cells embedded in an extracellular matrix is ________ tissue.

A) epithelial

B) connective

C) muscle

D) nervous


________ glands possess ducts that transport secretions onto epithelial surfaces.

A) Endocrine

B) Adrenal

C) Thyroid

D) Exocrine


The type of epithelial tissue found lining organs of the digestive system such as the small intestines is ________.

A) simple columnar

B) simple cuboidal

C) pseudostratified columnar

D) simple squamous


The cell type found in nervous tissue is the ________.

A) fibroblast

B) osteocyte

C) neuron

D) chondrocyte


________ muscle tissue has no visible striations and has spindle-shaped cells.

A) Smooth

B) Cardiac

C) Skeletal

D) Dense regular


Many layers of flattened cells should be termed ________ epithelial tissue.

A) stratified columnar

B) stratified squamous

C) pseudostratified columnar

D) simple squamous


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The cell shown in Figure 3.2 has been placed into a(n) ________ solution.

A) hypertonic

B) hypotonic

C) isotonic

D) equilibrium


The structural and functional unit of all living things is the ________.

A) nucleus

B) element

C) cytoplasm

D) cell

E) organelle


Which of the following statements is NOT part of the cell theory?

A) The biochemical activities of cells depends on the number of their subcellular structures.

B) The human body is composed of 50 to 100 trillion cells.

C) Cells are the basic structural and functional unit of living organisms.

D) The activity of an organism depends on its collective cellular activities.

E) The continuity of life has a cellular basis.


What is the arrangement of the phospholipids as a substance passes through the plasma membrane? A) phospholipid head, phospholipid tails, phospholipid head, phospholipid tails

B) phospholipid head, phospholipid head, phospholipid tails, phospholipid tails

C) phospholipid head, phospholipid tails, phospholipid tails, phospholipid head

D) phospholipid tail, phospholipid head, phospholipid tail

E) phospholipid tails, phospholipid head, phospholipid head, phospholipid tails


Which of the following is NOT a structural component of the nucleus?

A) nuclear envelope

B) nucleolus

C) Golgi apparatus

D) chromatin

E) nuclear pores


Nutrients and ions can pass directly from cell to cell through special membrane junctions known as ________.

A) desmosomes

B) gap junctions

C) inclusions

D) microvilli

E) tight junctions


The three major components of the cytoplasm are the ________.

A) cytosol, organelles, and inclusions

B) cytosol, inclusions, and nucleoli

C) cytosol, organelles, and nucleoli

D) organelles, inclusions, and nucleoli

E) organelles, inclusions, and ribosomes


Which of the following is NOT considered a cytoplasmic organelle?

A) mitochondrion

B) Golgi apparatus

C) flagellum

D) rough endoplasmic reticulum

E) peroxisome


The preparation of secretory vesicles for export from the cell is the responsibility of the ________.

A) mitochondrion

B) Golgi apparatus

C) cytoskeleton

D) peroxisome

E) smooth endoplasmic reticulum


The organelle that contains enzymes produced by ribosomes and packaged by the Golgi apparatus is the ________.

A) Golgi apparatus

B) lysosome

C) peroxisome

D) ribosome

E) rough endoplasmic reticulum


The movement of fluid through the cell membrane from a high pressure area to a lower pressure area is called ________.

A) active transport

B) bulk transport

C) osmosis

D) diffusion

E) filtration


Passive processes that move substances across membranes ________.

A) utilize ATP

B) employ protein pumps

C) transport substances against their concentration gradients

D) require no ATP

E) include exocytosis and endocytosis


Osmosis transports water across membranes using ________.

A) ATP

B) solute pumping

C) aquaporins

D) sodium-potassium pump

E) vesicles


What assists the movement of substances by facilitated diffusion?

A) ATP

B) protein carrier or channel

C) lysosomes

D) aquaporins

E) solute pumps


What is required for diffusion to occur?

A) protein carrier or channel

B) concentration gradient

C) ATP

D) solute pump

E) ribosomes


Two types of endocytosis are ________.

A) cellular secretion and solute pumping

B) solute pumping and active transport

C) active transport and phagocytosis

D) phagocytosis and pinocytosis

E) pinocytosis and passive transport


Which of the following substances must travel across a membrane via facilitated diffusion?

A) carbon dioxide

B) water

C) oxygen

D) fat-soluble vitamins

E) glucose


Which of the following processes require the use of protein carrier molecules?

A) facilitated diffusion and solute pumping

B) facilitated diffusion and vesicular transport

C) vesicular transport and osmosis

D) osmosis and filtration

E) filtration and exocytosis


A cell is isotonic to its 4% dextrose solution. When moved to a 6% dextrose solution, that cell will ________.

A) shrink

B) plump

C) bloat

D) rupture

E) lyse


The portion of the cell"s life cycle that does NOT involve cell division is known as ________.

A) interphase

B) mitosis

C) metaphase

D) prophase

E) cytokinesis


The molecule that carries an amino acid to the ribosome for incorporation into a protein is ________.

A) ATP

B) messenger RNA (mRNA)

C) ribosomal RNA (rRNA)

D) DNA

E) transfer RNA (tRNA)


The correct order of phases of the mitosis is ________.

A) prophase, interphase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase

B) prophase, anaphase, telophase, metaphase

C) metaphase, anaphase, prophase, telophase

D) telophase, metaphase, anaphase, prophase

E) prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase


The process of transcription ________.

A) produces ATP from glucose and oxygen

B) transfers information from DNA into mRNA

C) occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell

D) creates proteins from mRNA

E) translates nucleic acids into amino acids


Sequences of three bases found in messenger RNA (mRNA) are called ________.

A) anticodons

B) deoxyribose sugars

C) codons

D) ribosomes

E) amino acids


The two major phases of protein synthesis are ________.

A) transcription and replication

B) mitosis and interphase

C) replication and translation

D) transcription and translation

E) synthesis and cytokinesis


Which of the following represents a segment of RNA?

A) AUGUCA

B) ATGCTA

C) TGCGTT

D) CTGTGG

E) GTCATA


DNA replication takes place during ________.

A) interphase

B) prophase

C) metaphase

D) anaphase

E) telophase


During transcription, which base pairs with adenine of DNA in the newly formed molecule of RNA?

A) thymine

B) adenine

C) uracil

D) cytosine

E) guanine


If the sequence of nitrogenous bases in one strand of DNA is GTA-GCA, the sequence of bases on its complementary DNA strand would be ________.

A) CAU-CGU

B) CAT-CGT

C) GAU-GCU

D) GAT-GCT

E) ACG-ATT


A tissue constructed of a single layer of flattened cells is known as ________.

A) simple squamous epithelium

B) simple columnar epithelium

C) simple cuboidal epithelium

D) stratified squamous epithelium

E) transitional epithelium


Which type of tissue conducts electrochemical impulses?

A) epithelial tissue

B) muscle tissue

C) nervous tissue

D) connective tissue

E) dense tissue


Which of the following is NOT classified as a connective tissue?

A) bone

B) cartilage

C) blood

D) skeletal muscle

E) adipose


Which type of tissue is situated in the lining of the urinary bladder and urethra where stretching occurs?

A) simple cuboidal epithelium

B) stratified squamous epithelium

C) simple squamous epithelium

D) pseudostratified columnar epithelium

E) transitional epithelium


The tissue that is usually well vascularized and has an extensive extracellular matrix is called ________. A) epithelial tissue

B) connective tissue

C) nervous tissue

D) muscle tissue

E) brain tissue


Which of the following epithelial tissues is composed of many layers of cells?

A) pseudostratified columnar epithelium

B) simple squamous epithelium

C) simple columnar epithelium

D) simple cuboidal epithelium

E) stratified squamous epithelium


Bone is best described as ________.

A) dense connective tissue

B) epithelial tissue

C) adipose tissue

D) areolar tissue

E) osseous tissue


Identify the type of connective tissue that is found in lymph nodes, the spleen, and bone marrow.

A) adipose tissue

B) dense connective tissue

C) areolar tissue

D) reticular connective tissue

E) osseous tissue


Glands, such as the thyroid, that secrete their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts are classified as ________.

A) exocrine

B) endocrine

C) sebaceous

D) ceruminous

E) sudoriferous


Which of these characteristics best describes cardiac muscle tissue?

A) movement is involuntary and cells possess striations

B) attached to the skeleton

C) movement is voluntary and cells possess striations

D) single nucleus and spindle-shaped cells

E) multinucleate and long, cylindrical cells


The type of muscle found in the walls of hollow organs, such as the stomach, and in the walls of blood vessels is ________.

A) cardiac muscle

B) skeletal muscle

C) smooth muscle

D) both smooth muscle and skeletal muscle

E) both cardiac muscle and skeletal muscle


The presence of chondrocytes indicates that a tissue is ________.

A) adipose

B) cartilage

C) bone

D) blood

E) areolar


Damaged tissues that are repaired by the same kind of cells experience a replacement process known as ________.

A) inflammation

B) regeneration

C) fibrosis

D) scarring

E) clotting


Intercalated discs found in cardiac muscle tissue are ________.

A) tight junctions

B) phagocytes

C) gap junctions

D) signet ring cells

E) desmosomes


Jacinda tore her Achilles (calcaneal) tendon during a recent track meet. She has injured ________.

See more: Solution: A Rectangle Has A Perimeter Of 30 Inches, A Rectangle Has A Perimeter Of 30 Inches

A) muscle tissue

B) loose connective tissue

C) epithelial tissue

D) dense connective tissue

E) nervous tissue


Looking into a microscope, you notice cells swimming, propelled by a long tail. What cell structure must these cells have in order to be mobile?

A) ribosomes

B) smooth ER

C) flagella

D) peroxisomes

E) cytoplasm


Which of the following tissues is constructed of many collagen fibers?

A) blood

B) scar tissue

C) transitional epithelium

D) pseudostratified columnar epithelium

E) simple cuboidal epithelium


Which type of connective tissue is avascular?

A) adipose

B) bone

C) cartilage

D) areolar

E) reticular


A cancer drug interferes with the development of mitotic spindle fibers during cell division. Which phase is directly affected?

A) prophase

B) telophase

C) anaphase

D) metaphase

E) interphase


Neurons and neuroglia are components of ________. A) epithelial tissue

B) connective tissue

C) nervous tissue

D) muscle tissue

E) granulation tissue


Which tissue performs peristalsis to move substances, such as food, through the hollow organs of the body? A) skeletal muscle tissue

B) transitional epithelium

C) cardiac muscle tissue

D) nervous tissue

E) smooth muscle tissue


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The tissue shown in Figure 3.3 most likely ________. A) contracts to produce movement

B) transmits electrochemical impulses

C) covers and lines body surfaces

D) stores fat

E) contains a matrix


T/F: Translation is the stage of protein synthesis during which a complementary mRNA molecule is synthesized from a DNA template.


T/F: The matrix of hyaline cartilage consists of abundant collagen fibers hidden in a rubbery matrix


Centrioles separate and move toward opposite sides of the cell

A) prophase

B) anaphase

C) metaphase

D) telophase


Chromosomes cluster and align at the center of the spindle

A) prophase

B) anaphase

C) metaphase

D) telophase


Chromosomes separate and move to opposite ends of the cell

A) prophase

B) anaphase

C) metaphase

D) telophase


Nuclear envelope and nucleoli break down and disappear

A) prophase

B) anaphase

C) metaphase

D) telophase


Type of active transport in which sodium and potassium are pumped across a membrane using ATP

A) Solute pumping

B) Osmosis

C) Endocytosis

D) Diffusion


Type of passive process in which water is moved through aquaporins

A) Solute pumping

B) Osmosis

C) Endocytosis

D) Diffusion


Type of passive process in which molecules move across the plasma membrane down a concentration gradient

A) Solute pumping

B) Osmosis

C) Endocytosis

D) Diffusion


Type of active process in which the cell engulfs extracellular substances by phagocytosis or pinocytosis

A) Solute pumping

B) Osmosis

C) Endocytosis

D) Diffusion


Type of tissue that has an apical surface and a basement membrane

A) connective tissue

B) nervous tissue

C) muscle tissue

D) epithelial tissue


Type of tissue that consists of living cells surrounded by an extracellular matrix

A) connective tissue

B) nervous tissue

C) muscle tissue

D) epithelial tissue


Type of tissue that is specialized to contract and produce movement

A) connective tissue

B) nervous tissue

C) muscle tissue

D) epithelial tissue


Type of tissue that can be simple or stratified

A) connective tissue

B) nervous tissue

C) muscle tissue

D) epithelial tissue


Type of tissue that is found in the brain and spinal cord

A) connective tissue

B) nervous tissue

C) muscle tissue

D) epithelial tissue


Type of tissue that can be described as voluntary or involuntary

A) connective tissue

B) nervous tissue

C) muscle tissue

D) epithelial tissue


Type of tissue that contains collagen, elastic, or reticular fibers

A) connective tissue

B) nervous tissue

C) muscle tissue

D) epithelial tissue


Type of tissue that is common in glands and their ducts

A) connective tissue

B) nervous tissue

C) muscle tissue

D) epithelial tissue


Type of tissue that supports, protects, and binds tissues together

A) connective tissue

B) nervous tissue

C) muscle tissue

D) epithelial tissue


Type of tissue that can be classified as loose or dense

A) connective tissue

B) nervous tissue

C) muscle tissue

D) epithelial tissue


Type of tissue whose two functional characteristics are irritability and conductivity