The property explained in the concern is electronegativity. Electronegativity is the propensity of one atom to entice a mutual pair that electron towards itself. Elements with few electrons on there outermost covering tend to have a reduced electronegativity 보다 those the have more electrons on there outermost shell; this is because it is much easier for aspects to attract few electrons and achieve there octet configuration than to attract more electrons. Hence, electronegativity increases across the period. Also, the under the electron shells, the higher the electronegativity; this is because electrons are more tightly bound come the nucleus once they are closer come it. Hence, electronegativity decreases under the group since the number of shells rises down the group.
From the above explanations, it deserve to be deduced that fluorine has the greatest electronegativity due to the fact that it has actually just 2 shells (in period 2) and also needs to attract just one electron in the direction of itself.
Answer from: kaylarenee05080
3 is the answer 99% sure.
You are watching: Which element has an atom with the greatest tendency to attract electrons in a chemical bond
Answer from: mtiger
Expalanation: 1) Carbon is an element with atomic number 6 and also thus has 6 electrons. It\"s digital configuration is:
Carbon demands to lose or obtain 4 electrons to acquire noble gas configuration.
2) Chlorine is an facet with atomic number 17 and thus has 17 electrons. It\"s digital configuration is:
Chlorine requirements to gain 1 electron to acquire noble gas configuration and also thus has actually strongest propensity to attract electrons in a chemistry bond.
3) Silicon is an aspect with atom number 14 and thus has actually 14 electrons. It\"s digital configuration is:
Silicon demands to lose or acquire 4 electron to obtain noble gas configuration.
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4) Sulfur is an facet with atom number 16 and also thus has actually 16 electrons. It\"s electronic configuration is:
Sulfur demands to gain 2 electron to attain noble gas configuration.
Because chlorine has actually the greatest electronegativity amongst the four, it has actually the greatest tendency to attract electrons in a chemistry bond.Therefore, (2) chlorine is the finest answer.Hope this helps~