What Is a Fungal Infection?

A fungal infection, likewise called mycosis, is a skin condition caused by a fungus.

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There room millions of species of fungi. Castle live in the dirt, on plants, on family surfaces, and on your skin. Sometimes, they have the right to lead come skin troubles like rash or bumps.

Fungal infection Symptoms

A fungal skin infection could cause:

IrritationScaly skinRednessItchingSwellingBlisters

Types the Fungal Infections

Fungal skin infections have the right to happen anywhere on your body. Several of the most typical are athlete"s foot, jock itch, ringworm, and yeast infections.

Athlete"s Foot

Athlete"s foot, also called tinea pedis, is a fungal infection of your foot.

The fungi grow finest in warm, moist places such as shoes, socks, swimming pools, locker rooms, and also public showers. Lock often discovered in the summer and also in hot, humid climates. It happens much more often in world who wear chop shoes, who don’t adjust their sweaty socks, and also who usage public baths and also pools.

Athlete"s foot causes

The fungi behind athlete’s foot live on the dead tissue of your hair, toenails, and outer skin layers. At least four kinds of fungus can cause the infection. The most typical is Trichophyton rubrum.

Athlete"s foot symptoms

Signs of athlete"s foot differ from human being to person. You might have:

Peeling, cracking, and scaly feetBlistersSkin it is red, softened, or broken downBurning

Types the athlete"s foot

Interdigital. This is additionally called toe web infection. Most civilization with athlete’s foot have this form. It usually occurs between your two smallest toes. The infection have the right to spread to the single of her foot.Moccasin. This kind can begin with irritation, dryness, itching, or scaly skin. End time, her skin may thicken and crack. This infection deserve to involve your entire sole and also extend onto the sides of her foot.Vesicular. This is the rarest type of athlete"s foot. It usually begins with a suddenly outbreak the fluid-filled blisters, often on the underside of your foot. They also can appear between your toes, on her heel, or on peak of her foot.

Athlete"s foot diagnosis

Not all itchy, scaly feet are brought about by a fungus. Her doctor may scrape turn off a little of skin and also look at it under a microscope to examine for a different condition.

Athlete"s foot treatment

Your doctor could give girlfriend antifungal medication to placed on her skin or, in major cases, an additional kind to take it by mouth. Be sure to store your feet clean and also dry.

Athlete"s foot prevention

To keep from getting athlete’s foot, wear shower sandals in publicly showering areas, wear shoes that let your feet breathe, and wash her feet every day with soap and water. Dried them thoroughly, and use a high quality foot powder.

Jock Itch

A form of fungus referred to as tinea reasons jock itch. The infection is likewise known together tinea cruris. Tinea loves warm, moist locations like your genitals, inner thighs, and buttocks. Epidemic happen much more often in the summer or in warm, wet climates.

Jock itch is a red, itchy rash that’s regularly ring-shaped.

Is jock itch contagious?

It’s just mildly contagious. It have the right to spread from human being to human being through direct contact or indirectly v objects through the fungus top top them.

Jock itch symptoms

Symptoms the jock itch include:

A red, circular, rashes with raised edgesRedness on her groin or thighFlaking, peeling, or cracked skin

Jock itch diagnosis

Doctors can usually diagnose the by what it looks like and also where it is on her body. They might look at a sample that skin under a microscope to be sure.

Jock itch treatment

Keep the affected area clean and dry. Over-the-counter antifungal medicines can treat most cases of jock itch. In significant cases, her doctor might need to give you a prescription cream. No matter your treatment, be certain to:

Wash and also dry the area v a clean towelUse the antifungal medication as directedChange clothes -- particularly your underwear -- every day


Ringworm, also called tinea corporis, no a worm however a fungal skin infection. It’s named for the ring-shaped rash v a winding, worm-like edge.

Is ringworm contagious?

Ringworm have the right to spread through direct contact with infected human being or animals. You can likewise pick it increase off apparel or furniture. Heat and humidity can aid spread the infection.

Ringworm symptom

Ringworm is a red, circular, flat sore that can happen together with scaly skin. The outer component of the sore can be raised while the skin in the middle appears normal. Job or red rings might overlap.

Ringworm diagnosis

Your doctor can diagnose ringworm based on your symptoms. They might ask whether did you do it come into call with infected civilization or animals. Castle might likewise take samples native the area and look at them under a microscopic lense to it is in sure.

Ringworm treatment

Treatment usually involves antifungal medicines that you put on her skin. You might use an over-the-counter cream such as:

In an ext severe cases, you could need prescription medications to placed on your skin or take by mouth.

Yeast Infections

Yeast infections of your skin are dubbed cutaneous candidiasis. A kind of fungus referred to as candida causes these infections as soon as it grows too much. Yeast infections aren’t contagious.

The infections space most usual in warm, moist, creased areas of your body, consisting of your armpits and also groin. They regularly happen in human being who are obese or that have diabetes. Human being taking antibiotics are also at greater risk.

Candida can cause diaper rash in infants. It can also cause epidemic in your nails, vagina, or mouth (oral thrush).

Yeast epidemic symptoms

Signs that a yeast infection on her skin include:

RashPatches that ooze clear fluidPimple-like bumpsItchingBurning

Signs of a yeast infection in your pond beds include:

SwellingPainPusA white or yellow pond that separates indigenous the pond bed

Signs that thrush (yeast epidemic of your mouth) include:


Signs of a vaginal yeast infection include:


Yeast infection diagnosis

Your doctor will ask about your medical background and execute a physical exam. Castle might also take a sample native the impacted area come look in ~ under a microscope.

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Yeast infection treatment

Treatment depends on the infection. Medicated creams can treat most skin yeast infections. Because that a quality infection, you can usually usage medicated suppositories. A medicated mouthwash or lozenges the dissolve in her mouth may treat dental thrush. If you have actually a significant infection or a dilute immune system, you could need anti-yeast medicines that you take by mouth.