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You are watching: Which of the following best describes the industrial revolution

What to be the commercial Revolution?

The Industrial change was a period of major industrialization and also innovation during the late 1700s and also early 1800s. The Industrial transformation began in great Britain and also quickly spread out throughout the world.

The American Industrial change commonly described as the 2nd Industrial Revolution, began sometime in between 1820 and 1870. This period saw the mechanization of farming and textile manufacturing and a change in power, consisting of steamships and also railroads, that influenced social, cultural, and also economic conditions.

The first industrial revolution began in good Britain in the 1700s and 1800s and was a time of far-ranging innovation.The American Industrial change commonly referred to as the second Industrial Revolution, started sometime between 1820 and also 1870.Both commercial Revolutions led to innovations that included the telephone, the steam engine, the sewing machine, the X-ray, the lightbulb, and also the flammability engine.Working for businesses during the Industrial revolution paid better wages than agricultural work.The boost in the number of factories and migration come the cities led to pollution, deplorable working and living conditions, and child labor.

expertise the Industrial transformation

Although the Industrial revolution occurred about 200 years ago, the is a period that left a profound influence on how human being lived and the way businesses operated. Arguably, the manufacturing facility systems occurred during the Industrial change are responsible for creating capitalism and also the modern cities of today.

Before the revolution, most Americans made their living farming and lived in extensive rural communities. Through the advance of factories, people started working because that companies located in urban areas for the very first time. Frequently the salaries were low, and conditions were harsh. However, functioning for businesses paid a better living than farming.

Production performance improved throughout the Industrial revolution with inventions such as the vapor engine. The vapor engine dramatically diminished the time it required to manufacture products. Much more efficient manufacturing subsequently decreased prices because that products, primarily due to lower labor costs, opening the marketing doors come a new level that customers.

The united States federal government helped companies by instituting tariffs—taxes on foreign goods—so that commodities like stole made through U.S. Suppliers were cheaper than international imports. Cheaper stole prices encouraged the advancement of infrastructure such as railroads and bridges during the American industrial Revolution.

benefits and disadvantages of the Industrial change


The Industrial change created boost in employment opportunities. Salaries at factories were higher than what people were making together farmers. As factories became widespread, additional managers and employees were required to run them, boosting the it is provided of jobs and overall wages.

Since many of the factory and big companies were located near the cities, populations migrated to urban locations searching for jobs, often overwhelming the obtainable housing supply. This led to far-reaching improvements in city planning.

Increased innovation additionally led to greater levels of an inspiration and education, leading to several groundbreaking innovations still provided today. This inventions incorporate the sewing machine, X-ray, lightbulb, calculator, and also anesthesia.

Due come the commercial Revolution"s advancements, the nation saw the first combustible engine, incandescent irradiate bulb, and modern assembly line offered in manufacturing. The Industrial revolution changed how civilization worked, the technologies easily accessible to them, and also often wherein they lived. It made life comfortable for plenty of though living conditions for workers remained abhorrent, which eventually fueled the rise of job unions the led to enhanced working conditions and fair wages.


Although there were numerous breakthroughs during the industrial Revolution, rapid development caused countless issues. As workers left their ranches to job-related in factory for greater wages, it resulted in a shortage that food gift produced.

The sharp boost in the number of factories led to boost in city pollution. Air pollution wasn't included only in the factories; as world flocked to the cities, the living conditions became deplorable as the urban resources were overwhelmed.

Sewage flowed in the highways in part cities if manufacturers dumped waste from factories right into rivers. Water offers were no tested and also protected as they are today. As a result, regulations, and laws were enacted to safeguard the population.

The industrial Revolution detailed an incentive to rise profits, and as a result, working problems in factories deteriorated. Lengthy hours, insufficient remuneration, and also minimal breaks became the norm. Kid labor to be a far-ranging issue. Health and wellness issues arose for many of the factory workers giving rise come the labor motion throughout the U.S.


Advancements in production

Growth in innovations and also inventions

Workers earned higher wages

Improvements in transportation networks


Deplorable functioning conditions and also child labor

Unsanitary life conditions and also pollution

Food shortages

Real-World examples

The very first cotton mill was constructed after Samuel Slater lugged Britain's manufacturing an innovation to the united States. The mill was powered through water pass jobs and commerce come the Northeast. In the adhering to years, plenty of factories and also mills were constructed using the same technologies. 

The Industrial change was mainly driven through the usage of coal as an power source. Prior to the use of coal, timber was the primary energy source; coal noted three times much more energy 보다 wood, and also Britain had large coal deposits.

In 1869, the very first transcontinental railroad was completed and was a significant accomplishment for the U.S. Because it permitted the transport of goods, people, and also raw products nationwide.

Also, during the American industrial Revolution, Samuel Morse developed the telegraph, i beg your pardon sent electric signals end a wire permitting the country to communicate. Andrew Carnegie built the an initial steel mills in the U.S. If Alexander Graham Bell developed the telephone.

Industrial transformation FAQs

how Is the Industrial transformation Best Defined?

The Industrial revolution shifted native an agrarian economic situation to a manufacturing economy where commodities were no much longer made solely by hand however by machines. This led to raised production and also efficiency, reduced prices, more goods, enhanced wages, and also migration native rural areas to metropolitan areas.

What to be the Industrial revolution (Short Answer)?

The an initial Industrial change began in good Britain in the mid-to-late 1700s, when development led to items being produced in big quantities due to machine manufacturing. This spread roughly the globe, and also the 2nd Industrial change began in the U.S. In the late 1800s that saw further developments in technology that led to greater efficiency.

as soon as Did the Industrial transformation Start?

The an initial Industrial transformation began in the second fifty percent of the 18th century when the second Industrial transformation began in the so late 19th century.

What 3 things Played a function in the commercial Revolution?

Technological changes, such as the use of iron and steel, and new energy sources such together coal and also steam, and the factory system, which brought about a department of labor and also specialization, which increased efficiency.

What to be the 3 Most important Inventions of the industrial Revolution?

The three most important inventions of the an initial Industrial change include the heavy steam engine, the spinning jenny, and the telegraph. The three most crucial inventions the the 2nd Industrial revolution include the combustible engine, electricity, and also the lightbulb.

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