Parallel structure, or parallelism, method using the same pattern of native to show that 2 or an ext words or concepts are of same importance. Words and also phrases in ~ a sentence need to not only enhance in structure, but likewise in tense. Writers use parallel structure to add clarity to their writing, make it much easier to understand and show the their composing is structurally and also grammatically correct. Discover parallel structure instances to far better understand the concept.


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The problematic areas are italicized below.

Ashley likes to ski, to swim and jump. (There needs to it is in a "to" between "and" and also "jump," to be parallel v the various other items. )She likes dancing and to sing songs. (This should pair "to dance" through "to sing" therefore the infinitive form is used throughout the sentence.)

Parallel framework With -ing Endings

Be consistent and use parallel framework with native that end in -ing.


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The bold words suggest that parallel construction is provided correctly.

Joe likes running, walking and being active.We enjoy relaxing and also sitting the end in the sun.

You are watching: Which sentence illustrates good parallel structure


Incorrect starrkingschool.net

The native that need to be parallel yet aren"t are presented in italics here.

Joe likes running, walking and outdoor activities. ("Running" and "walking" room parallel through each other, however "outdoor activities" is no parallel. Usage "participating in outdoor activities" or similar.)We gain relaxing and like to sit the end in the sun. (The italicized phrases are not parallel; they have to both encompass verbs that finish in -ing.)

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The interlocutor terms highlight parallel construction in between the clauses.

The teacher told castle that they need to study and that they need to practice their words every night. My parents stated get a good education and also do not work out for less.

Incorrect starrkingschool.net

In these starrkingschool.net, the clauses do not show parallel construction. The trouble wording is highlighted.

The teacher told them to study and that they should practice their words every night. (This sentence must either incorporate "that they" in both clauses, favor the correct example above, or the should include the indigenous "said" in between "that" and "they.")My parents said to obtain a good education and not clear up for less. (Here, the word "to" need to be included prior to "not" in the italicized text.)

Parallel framework in Lists v Colons

When you have items top top a list adhering to a colon, the items must all it is in in the same kind in bespeak to avoid a parallel framework error.


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Wording that suggests parallel building in these instances is bold.

The following tasks can be excellent at the mall: buying groceries, eating lunch and also paying bills.In your bedroom, friend will uncover the following: a bed, a closet and a desk.

Incorrect starrkingschool.net

The problem wording in these instances is emphasize in italics.

The following tasks can be excellent at the mall: buying groceries, eating lunch and also bill payment. ("Bill payment" need to be composed as "paying bills" in stimulate to show parallel construction.)In your bedroom, you will find the following: a bed, a closet and, sitting at a desk. (You shouldn"t list two nouns v an activity in this kind of list. It could read, "a bed, a closet, and a desk if the is what the writer means. If the writer desires to explain someone sitting at a desk, that have to be component of a new sentence. )

Parallel structure in other Lists

Even as soon as a colon isn"t provided to introduce a list, parallel building and construction is important.


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The terms that type parallel framework in this sentences are bold.

Mary wanted to make sure that she made her presentation creatively, effectively and also persuasively.Tim was thought about to it is in a great employee because he to be always top top time, he was an extremely motivated and also he was a an excellent leader.

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Parallel constructor errors are italicized.

Mary wanted to make certain she made her presentation creatively, effectively and also persuaded others.

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("Persuaded others" is not parallel through the various other list items.)Tim was taken into consideration to it is in a good employee due to the fact that he was always on time, he was an extremely motivated and led the team well. ("Led the team well" is no parallel v the various other list items.)

Parallel framework in Verb Tense

Keep in mind that parallel structure need to be offered when it involves verb tense. Her verb tenses should always match.


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The bold indigenous in these starrkingschool.net are all past tense, which method they are instances of parallel construction.

She wrote a letter and also mailed it come the school.Yesterday we watched a movie, played video clip games and made pizza.

Incorrect starrkingschool.net

The starrkingschool.net listed below mix tenses. The problem wording is italicized.

She writes a letter and mailed it to the school. (This mixes present and past tense; both words have to be the very same tense.)Yesterday us watched a movie, play video games and also made pizza. ("Watched" and "made" are previous tense, however "play" is current tense. It have to be "played" since the sentence states this took ar in the past.)

The prominence of Parallel Structure

Parallel framework provides circulation in a sentence. It keeps your composing balanced and also makes it simpler to read. It likewise shows that ideas are of same importance. Errors in parallel structure have the right to make your writing sound strange to listeners. Countless tests, consisting of the SAT, will call for you to recognize parallel framework errors as a way of experimentation your writing abilities. Come further expand your knowledge about parallel framework in writing, evaluation these starrkingschool.net of parallelism in literature and rhetoric.