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Paracelsus (1493-1534)

Overview

Paracelsus(born Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheimborn November 11 or December 17 1493 in Einsiedeln, Switzerland, passed away September 24, 1541 in Salzburg, Austria), sometimes referred to as the "father" of toxicology.

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Hewas born come a chemist dad in Switzerland in 1493 and contributed significantly to the areas of medicine and also toxicology. The rejected Gnostic medicinal heritages such cauterizing wounds and amputating hurt limbs and advocated keeping wounds clean of epidemic and allowing them to cure on their own. But additionally considered to it is in renaissance physician, botanist, alchemist, astrologer, and also general occultist.

Paracelsusalso pioneered the usage of chemicals and minerals in medicine, coining the surname of "zink" because that what was to become modern day "zinc." the felt the sickness and health in the human body relied top top the harmony the man, the microcosm, and also Nature that the macrocosm. He took an approach different native his medicinal predecessors by stressing that guy must have a specific balance of mineral in your bodies, and that particular illnesses the the body had chemical release that might cure them. The was, therefore, a precursor to contemporary medicine and to the usage of vitamins and minerals to maintain health.

He composed on toxics:

"The dose provides the poison."(A popular quick version.)

The original quote is:

German:"Alle Ding sind Gift und nichts ohn" Gift; allein dice Dosis macht, das ein Ding kein Gift ist.

English:All things room poison and nothing (is) without poison; only the dose provides that a thing is no poison.

In other words, the amount of a problem a person is exposed to is as important as the nature that the substance. Because that example, little doses of aspirin have the right to be helpful to a person, yet at very high doses, this typical medicine have the right to be deadly. In some individuals, also at an extremely low doses, aspirin may be deadly.

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“Many have actually said that Alchemy, that it is for the do of gold and silver. For me such is not the aim, however to consider only what virtue and power might lie in medicines.”

Paracelsus was an alchemist, though he eschewed the common goal the chrysopoeia, the production of gold from lesser metals; his attention was mostly medical.He was the main figure linked with Iatrochemistry, very early predecessor come pharmacology that merged alchemical and also medical principles. The wrote broadly on the object of alchemy, and some of his works are easily accessible today:see the Hermetic and also Alchemical works of Paracelsus pt. 1.