Photograph of Lieutenant basic William Tecumseh Sherman top top his horse, Duke, before the city of Atlanta, Georgia, 1864.

Ohioan william Tecumseh Sherman, a general in the Union military during the American civil War, is best known for his March come the Sea. On September 1, 1864, Sherman and his military captured Atlanta, Georgia, vital transportation facility in the Confederacy. Despite this necessary Union victory, the Confederate government and also many the its citizens remained committed come the battle effort. Sherman plan his March come the Sea to break the will certainly of the Confederate population.

Sherman was a believer in full war. He stated that the Union military was "not only fighting hostile armies, yet a enemy people, and must make old and young, rich and also poor, feel the difficult hand that war." Sherman realized the the Confederate civilian population noted most the the offers that Confederate pressures needed to fairy war against the Union. To rate the defeat of the Confederacy, Union forces needed to stop Southern civilians from supplying their armies. The Northern military needed to fairy war against both the Confederate military and also Confederate civilians.

To break the will certainly of the Confederate population, Sherman propose a March come the Sea. The proposed leaving almost sixty thousand males behind in northern Georgia and also Tennessee to resolve Confederate soldiers under the command of basic Nathan Bedford Forrest and also General man Bell Hood. Sherman would take the remainder of his army of sixty-two thousand males from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia, on the Atlantic Ocean. General Ulysses S. Grant and also President Abraham Lincoln opposed this plan at first, yet Sherman encouraged them the its importance.

Sherman left Atlanta through his sixty-two-thousand-man military on November 15, 1864. As the Northerners began their 285-mile march south and also east come Savannah, Hood led his Confederate army on a raid right into Tennessee. Together a an outcome of Hood"s action, fewer than 5 thousand Confederate soldiers under basic Joseph Wheeler stood between Sherman"s army and also Savannah.

Sherman left behind his it is provided train. He chose that he would permit his guys to it is provided themselves indigenous civilians follow me the march. His soldiers commonly requisitioned all of the provisions the they might find from the civilian population. Food the the men might not eat or bring away typically was burned. The Union soldiers also commandeered provides from the slaves. They likewise destroyed a number of homes along the way. Sherman"s men successfully occupied Savannah in mid-December 1864.

The use of full war accomplished Sherman"s desired effect. While some Confederates stayed committed come the struggle, other Confederates began to doubt the Confederacy"s possibility for success over the Union. Sherman"s use of complete war aided the Union victory the American civil War.

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Bailey, anne J. The Chessboard of War: Sherman and also Hood in the Autumn projects of 1864. Lincoln: university of Nebraska Press, 2000.  Dee, Christine, ed. Ohio"s War: The Civil battle in Documents. Athens: Ohio college Press, 2007.  Fellman, Michael. Citizen Sherman: A Life of wilhelm Tecumseh Sherman. New York, NY: arbitrarily House, 1995.  Glatthaar, Joseph T. The March to the Sea and also Beyond: Sherman"s Troops in the Savannah and Carolinas Campaigns. New York, NY: new York university Press, 1985.  Jordan, Philip D. Ohio come of Age: 1874-1899. Columbus: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1943.  Marszalek, john F. Sherman"s March to the Sea. Abilene, TX: McWhiney foundation Press, 2005.  Reid, Whitelaw. Ohio in the War: she Statesmen, Generals and Soldiers. Cincinnati, OH: Clarke, 1895.Roseboom, Eugene H. The Civil war Era: 1850-1873. Columbus: Ohio State Archaeological and also Historical Society, 1944.  Sherman, william T. Memoirs that Gen. W.T. Sherman, composed by Himself, through an Appendix, bringing His Life down to Its closing Scenes, likewise a personal Tribute and Critique the the Memoirs, through Hon. James G. Blaine. New York, NY: C. L.

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Webster & Co., 1891.  Official Roster the the Soldiers that the State of Ohio in the war of Rebellion, 1861-1866. Akron, OH: The Werner Company, 1893.